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The Continental Army of 1777-1780

Connecticut Line  •  Delaware Line  •  Georgia Line  •  Maryland Line  •  Massachusetts Line  •  
  •  New Jersey Line  •  New Hampshire Line  •  New York Line  •  North Carolina Line  •  
  •  Pennsylvania Line  •  Rhode Island Line  •  South Carolina Line  •  Virginia Line  •  
  •  Other Regiments  •  Artillery Units  •  Mounted Units

1777 Connecticut Line

  • 1st Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Jedediah Huntington and Josiah Starr;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776;
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779;
    • Merged Jan 1781 with the 8th Connecticut Regiment and redesignated as the 5th Connecticut Regiment
  • 2d Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Charles Webb;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776;
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779;
    • Merged Jan 1781 with the 9th Connecticut Regiment and reOrganized and redesignated as the 3d Connecticut Regiment
  • 3d Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Samuel Wyllys;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776;
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779

      Merged Jan. 1781 with the 4th Connecticut Regiment and reOrganized and redesignated as the 1st Connecticut Regiment

  • 4th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Durkee;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776;
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779;
    • Merged Jan. 1781 with the 3th Connecticut Regiment to form the 1st Connecticut Regiment
  • 5th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Philip B. Bradley;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776;
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779;
    • Merged Jan. 1781 with the 7th Connecticut Regiment and reOrganized and redesignated as the 2d Connecticut Regiment
  • 6th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Douglas and Return J. Meigs;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776;
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779
  • 7th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Heman Swift;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776;
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779;
    • Merged Jan. 1781 with the 5th Connecticut Regiment and reOrganized and redesignated as the 2d Connecticut Regiment
  • 8th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Chandler;
    • Authorized Sept. 1776
    • Organized Jan-April 1777;
    • ReOrganized July 1779;
    • Merged Jan 1781 with the 1st Connecticut Regiment and redesignated as the 5th Connecticut Regiment
  • S.Webb's Additional Continental Regiment Later as the 9th Connecticut Regiment (aka The Decoy Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. Samuel Blatchley Webb
    • Authorized Jan. 1777

    • Organized Spring 1777
    • ReOrganized and Redesignated the 9th Connecticut Regiment Jul. 1780
    • Merged Jan 1781 with the 2d Connecticut Regiment and reOrganized and redesignated as the 3d Connecticut Regiment

1778-1779 Connecticut Line

1777-1780 Delaware Line

  • 1st Delaware Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. David Hall
    • Formed in 1776,
    • reOrganized on Sep 1780 into two companies under Captains Robert Kirkwood and Peter Jaquett and renamed Kirkwoods Delaware Battalion.

1777-1780 Georgia Line

  • 1st Georgia Regiment
  • 2d Georgia Regiment
  • 3d Georgia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Screven's /Stirk
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781 (see also 1776)
  • 4th Georgia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John White; Authorized Feb 1777
    • Organized in summer & fall 1777
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781
  • Georgia Regiment of Horse Rangers

1777-1779 Maryland Line

  • 1st Maryland Regiment

    • Commanded by Col. John H. Stone
    • ReOrganized &amp
    • Redesignated Jan. 1777 from Smallwood's Maryland Battalion and4 independent companies
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 2d Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Price
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 3d Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Mordecai Gist; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 4th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Josias Hall; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 5th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Richardson; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
  • 6th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Otho H. Williams; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781
  • 7th Maryland Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Gunby; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized Mar. 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779; Ceased to function as an effective force after the Battle of Camden Aug. 1780
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781
  • 8th Maryland Regiment (aka the German Battalion)
    • Commanded by Col. Nicholas Hussecker
    • ReOrganized from the German Battalion

      Disbanded Jan. 1781

1777-1779 Massachusetts Line

  • 1st Massachusetts Regiment
  • 2d Massachusetts Regiment
  • 3d Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Greaton
    • Formed Jan 1777 by consolidating the 24th Continental Regiment (less 2 Companies) with the 25th Continental Regiment and consolidated unit redesignated as Greaton's Regiment
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Redesignated Aug 1779 (see also 1776 & 1781)
  • 4th Massachusetts Regiment
  • 5th Massachusetts Regiment
  • 6th Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Nixon
    • ReOrganized Jan 1777 from the 4th Continental Regiment and redesignated as Nixon's Regiment
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Redesignated Aug 1779 (see also 1776 & 1781)
  • 7th Massachusetts Regiment
  • 8th Massachusetts Regiment
  • 9th Massachusetts Regiment
  • 10th Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Marshall
  • 11th Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Ebenezer Francis
    • Disbanded Jan 1781
  • 12th Massachusetts Regiment
  • 13th Massachusetts Regiment
  • 14th Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Gamaliel Bradford
    • Disbanded Jan 1781
  • 15th Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Timothy Bigelow
    • Disbanded Jan 1781
  • H. Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. H. Jackson;On 23 July 1780, Henry Jackson's Additional Continental Regiment was accepted into the Massachusetts Line and redesignated the 16th Massachusetts Regiment

1777-1780 New Jersey Line

  • 1st New Jersey Regiment (aka the Eastern Battalion)
    • Commanded by Col. Mathias Ogden
    • ReOrganized Feb. 1779
  • 2d New Jersey Regiment (aka the Western Battalion)
    • Commanded by Col. Israel Shreve
    • ReOrganized Feb. 1779
  • 3d New Jersey Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Elias Dayton
    • ReOrganized Feb. 1779
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781
  • 4th New Jersey Regiment
    • Commanded by Lt-Col. David Rhea
    • Disbanded Feb. 1779
  • Spencer's Additional Continental Regiment (aka 5th New Jersey Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. Spencer; Authorized Jan 1777
    • Organized spring 1777
    • Merged with Forman's and part of Malcom's Additional Regiments
    • Disbanded Jan. 1781

1777-1780 New Hampshire Line

  • 1st New Hampshire Regiment

    • Commanded by Col.s John Stark, Joseph Cilley, Enoch Poor, and Alexander Scammel
    • ReOrganized from the 5th Continental Regiment
  • 2d New Hampshire Regiment
  • 3d New Hampshire Regiment
  • Long's Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Long
    • Disbanded Jan. 1777 (see 1776)

1777-1780 New York Line

  • 1st New York Regiment

  • 2d New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Peter Van Cortland
    • ReOrganized &amp
    • Redesignated Jan. 1777 from 3d New york Regiment
    • ReOrganized May 1779 (see also 1781)
  • 3d New York Regiment
  • 4th New York Regiment
  • 5th New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Lewis Dubois; Authorized Nov 1776
    • Organized Jan 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779
    • Merged Jan 1781 with the 2d New York Regiment

North Carolina Line, 10 Regiments

  • 1st North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Francis Nash and Thomas Clarke
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780 (see also 1776)
  • 2d North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Alexander Martin and John Patton
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780; (see also 1776)
  • 3d North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Jethro Sumner
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780; (see also 1776)
  • 4th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Polk
    • Merged with the 1st thru 3d North Carolina Regiments May 1778; see also 1776
  • 5th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Edward Buncombe
    • Merged with the 1st thru 3d North Carolina Regiments May 1778; see also 1776
  • 6th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Gideon Lamb
    • Merged with the 1st thru 3d North Carolina Regiments May 1778 (see also 1776)
  • 7th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Hogan
    • Disbanded June 1778 (see also 1776)
  • 8th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Armstrong
    • Disbanded June 1778 (see also 1776)
  • 9th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Williams
    • Disbanded June 1778 (see also 1776)
  • Sheppard's Additional Continental Regiment (aka 10th North Carolina Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. Abraham Shephard; Authorized Apr. 1777
    • Organized 19 Apr.- July 1777
    • Disbanded June 1778

Pennsylvania Line

  • 1st Pennsylvania Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Edward Hand and James Chambers
    • ReOrganized &
    • Redesignated Jan. 1777 from the 1st Continental Regiment
    • ReOrganized July 1778 (see also 1776)
  • 2d Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 3d Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 4th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 5th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 6th Pennsylvania Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Francis Johnston
    • ReOrganized &
    • Redesignated Jan. 1777 from the 5th Pennsylvania Battalion
    • ReOrganized July 1778
  • 7th Pennsylvania Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Robert Magaw
    • ReOrganized and redesignated Jan. 1777 from the 6th Pennsylvania Battalion
    • ReOrganized July 1778
    • Consolidated Jan 1781 with the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 8th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 9th Pennsylvania Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Æneas Mackay and Daniel Brodhead
    • Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized spring. 1777
    • ReOrganized July 1778
    • Consolidated Jan. 1781 with the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 10th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 11th Pennsylvania Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Joseph Penrose and James Chambers and Adam Hubley; Authorized Sep. 1776
    • Organized spring. 1777
    • Merged July 1778 with the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment.
  • 12th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • 13th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • Captain John Nelson's Independent Rifle Company
  • Captain John Doyle's Independent Rifle Company
    • Commanded by Capt. John Doyle
    • Disbanded 1 July 1778 (see also 1776)
  • Captain Jacob Weaver's Independent Company
  • Captain Joshua William's Independent Company
    • Commanded by Capt. Joshua Williams; Authorized Mar. 1777
    • Organized spring 1777
    • Merged Nov. 1777 with the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • Captain Samual Morehead's Independent Company
    • Commanded by Capt. Samual Morehead; Authorized Jan 1777
    • Organized in spring 1777
    • Merged July 1778 with the 8th Pennsylvania Regiment
  • Carlisle Independent Companies
    • Commanded by ?; Authorized Oct. 1777
    • Organized Oct.-Dec. 1777
    • Disbanded June 1778
  • Captain John Pugh's Independent Company
  • Pennsylvania State Musketry Battalion

1777-1780 Rhode Island Line

  • 1st Rhode Island Regiment

  • 2d Rhode Island Regiment

1777-1780 South Carolina Line

  • 1st South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Charles C. Pinckney
    • Consolidated Feb. 1780 with the 5th South Carolina Regiment
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780 (see also 1776 & 1783)
  • 2d South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Isaac Motte
    • Consolidated Feb. 1780 with the 6th South Carolina Regiment
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
    • Disbanded Jan 1781 (see also 1776 )
  • 3d South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Thompson
    • ReOrganized Feb. 1780
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
    • Disbanded Jan 1781 (see also 1776 )
  • 4th South Carolina Regiment (aka South Carolina Artillery Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
    • Disbanded Jan 1781 (see also 1776 )
  • 5th South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Isaac Huger
    • Consolidated Feb. 1780 with the 1st South Carolina Regiment (see also 1776 )
  • 6th South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Consolidated Feb. 1780 with the 2d South Carolina Regiment (see also 1776 )

1777 Virginia Line

  • 1st Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Reed and James Hendricks
    • ReOrganized Nov 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779 by consolidating with 9th Virginia Regiment
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
  • 2d Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Woodford and Alexander Spotswood
    • ReOrganized Nov 1777
    • ReOrganized May 1779 by consolidating with 6th Virginia Regiment
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
  • 3d Virginia Regiment

    • Commanded by Col. George Weedon and Thomas Marshall
  • 4th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Elliott and Robert Lawson and Isaac Reed
  • 5th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Charles Scott and Josiah Parker
  • 6th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Mordecai Buckner and John Gibson
  • 7th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Crawford and Alexander McClanachan
  • 8th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Peter Muhlenberg and Abraham Bowman and John Neville
  • 9th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Isaac Reed and George Matthews
  • 10th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Edward Stevens
  • 11th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Daniel Morgan
  • 12th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Wood
  • 13th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Russell
  • 14th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Charles Lewis
  • 15th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. David Mason

Additional Regiments

  • 1st Canadian Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • ReOrganized in June 1779
    • Disbanded Jan 1781 (see also 1776)
  • 2d Canadian Regiment (aka Congress' Own)
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • ReOrganized Jan 1777
    • ReOrganized and redesignated Jan 1781 as the Canadian Regiment (see also 1776 & 1781)

Artillery Units

  • 1st Continental Artillery Regiment

    • Commanded by Col.
  • 2d Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.
  • 3d Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
  • 4th Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Formed from Pennsylvania State Artillery Regiment
  • North Carolina Continental Artillery Co.

    • Commanded by Col. ?

Mounted Units

  • 1st Continental Light Dragoon Regiment (aka unofficially as Bland's Horse)
    • Commanded by Col. Bland
    • Capt Lee's Troop (later 2d Partisan Corps) withdrawn Apr 1778 (see also 1776 & 1781)
  • 2d Continental Light Dragoon Regiment (aka unofficially as Sheldon's Horse)
    • Commanded by Col. Elisha Sheldon
    • ReOrganized in early 1780 (see also 1776 & 1781)
  • 3d Continental Light Dragoon Regiment (aka unofficially as Baylor's Horse and also as Lady Washington's Horse)
    • Commanded by Col. Baylor (see also 1776 & 1781)
  • 4d Continental Light Dragoon Regiment (aka unofficially as Moylan's Horse)
    • Commanded by Col. Moylan
    • ReOrganized in early 1780 (see also 1776 & 1781)
  • Corps of North Carolina Light Dragoons
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Disbanded Jan. 1779 (see also 1776)
  • Pulaski's Legion
    • Commanded by Col. Pulaski
    • Formed in 1778
    • Merged with Free and Independent Chasseurs in Feb 1780 to form Armand's Legion
  • Lee's Corps of Partisan Light Dragoons (aka Lee's Legionary Corps )
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Withdrawn Apr 1778 from 1st Continental Light Dragoon Regiment
    • (see also 1781)
  • Horry's Regiment of Light Dragoons
    • Commanded by Col. Daniel Horry
    • Formed in 1779;
  • Georgia Regiment of Horse Rangers
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Captured at Charlestown May 1780
    • Disbasnded Jan. 1781 (see also 1776)
  • Ottendorf's Corps
    • Commanded by Major De Ottendorf, later by Charles Armand in June 1777
    • Redesignated 11 June 1777 as Late Ottendorf's Corps;
    • Corps broken up in April 1778 and reOrganized and redesignated as Captain Henry Bedkin's Independent Troop of Light Horse and Captain John Paul Schott's and Anthony Selin's Independent Companies (see also 1776)
  • Bedkin's Independent Troop of Light Horse
    • Commanded by Capt. Henry Bedkin
    • Formed in April 1778 from Ottendorf's Corps
    • Merged June 1779 with Armand's Legion
  • Captain John Paul Schott's and Anthony Selin's Independent Companies
    • Commanded by Capt's John Paul Schott and Anthony Selin
    • Formed inApril 1778 from Ottendorf's Corps
    • Merged Jan 1781 with the 2d Canadian Legion
  • Armand's Legion (aka Free and Independent Chasseurs)
    • Commanded by Col. Charles Armand Tuffin
    • Organized in winter and spring 1778 as partisan corps
    • Adopted June 1778 into Continental Army as Free and Independent Chasseurs
    • Consolidated Feb 1780 with Pulaski's Legion and redesignated as Armand's Legion (see also 1781)
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