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The American Army in 1775

Massachusetts Regiments

Authorized 27 Infantry regiments on 22 May 1775

  • D. Brewer's/Putnam's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. David Brewer, later by Col. Rufus Putnam
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • J. Brewer's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Jonathan Brewer
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Bridge's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Bridge
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army; Disbanded Dec. 1775 
  • Cotton's Massachusetts Regiment :
    • Commanded by Col. Cotton
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Danielson's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Timothy Danielson's
    • Authorized Apr 1775; Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Doolittle's/Holden's Massachusetts Regiment
    • commanded by Col. Doolittle
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  • Fellows' Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Fellows
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Frye's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Frye
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  • Gardner's/Bond's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Bond
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Gerrish's/Baldwin's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Loammi Baldwin
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Glover's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Glover
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Heath's/Greaton's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Greaton
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army
    • Redesignated July 1775 as Greaton's Regiment (see also 1776)
  • Learned's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Ebenezer Learned
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Little's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Moses Little
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Mansfield's/Hutchinson's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Israel Hutchinson
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • J. Nixon's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Nixon
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Paterson's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Paterson
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Phinney's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Edmund Phinney
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Prescott's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Prescott
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Read's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Joseph Reed
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Sargent's Massachusetts Regiment
    • commanded by Col. Paul D. Sargent
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Scammon's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Scammon
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Thomas'/Bailey's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army
    • Redesignated July 1775 as Bailey's Regiment (see also 1776)
  • Walker's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • A. Ward's/J. Ward's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Jonathan Ward
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Whitcomb's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Asa Whitcomb
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  •   Woodbridge's Massachusetts Regiment
    • Commanded by Co. ?
    • Authorized Apr 1775
    • Organized in spring 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  • Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Richard Gridley
    • Authorized May 1775
    • Organized June 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into Continental Army as the Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Reorganized late June 1775 (see also 1776)

New Hampshire Regiments

New Hampshire Authorized 3 Infantry regiments on 22 May 1775:

  • 1st New Hampshire Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Stark
    • Authorized May 1775; Organized June 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • 2nd New Hampshire Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Enoch Poor
    • Authorized May 1775
    • Organized May-June 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • 3rd New Hampshire Regiment
    • commanded by Col. James Reed
    • Authorized May 1775
    • Organized June 1775
    • Adopted June 1775 into the Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • Major Timothy Bedel's Corps of Rangers
    • Commanded by Maj. Timothy Bedel
    • Authorized May 1775 as Captain Timothy Bedel's Company of Rangers
    • Organized June 1775 (see also 1776)

Rhode Island Regiments

Rhode Island authorized 3 Infantry regiments and 1 company of artillery on 8 May 1775

  • 1st (Varnum's) Rhode Island Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Mitchell Varnum
    • Authorized May 1775 as Varnum's Regiment
    • Organized May 1775
    • Reorganized June 1775
  • 2d (Hitchcock's) Rhode Island Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Daniel Hitchcock
    • Authorized May as Varnum's Regiment
    • Organized May 1775
    • Reorganized June 1775
  • 3d (Church's) Rhode Island Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Church
    • Authorized May as Church's Regiment
    • Organized May 1775
    • Reorganized June 1775
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  • Crane's Artillery Company
    • Commanded by Captain John Crane
  • Richmond's Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Oct 1775
    • Organized Nov. 1775

Connecticut Regiments

Connecticut authorized 8 Infantry regiments on 27 April 1775:

  • Wooster's 1st Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Wooster
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  • Spencer's 2d Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Joseph Spencer
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775
  • Putnam's 3d Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Putnam
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775
  • Hinman's 4th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Benjamin Hinman
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  • Waterbury's 5th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by David Waterbury
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775
    • Disbanded Dec. 1775
  • Parsons' 6th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Samuel Parsons
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775
  • C.Webb's 7th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. C.Webb
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775
  • Huntington's 8th Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Jedediah Huntington
    • Authorized April 1775
    • Organized May 1775
    • Adopted June 1775

New York Regiments

June 1775 New York Provincial Congress authorizes the raising of four infantry regiments

  • 1st New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Alexander McDougall
    • Authorized May 1775
    • Organized June-Aug 1775 (see also 1776)
  • 2nd New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Alexander McDougall
    • Authorized May 1775
    • Organized June-Aug 1775 (see also 1776)
  • 3rd New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Clinton
    • Authorized May 1775
    • Organized June-Aug 1775 (see also 1776)
  • 4th New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Col. Goose Van Schaick
    • Authorized May 1775
    • Organized June-Aug 1775 (see also 1776)
  • Captain John Lamb's Company of Artillery
    • Commanded by Captain John Lamb;

Maryland Companies

Organized 21 June 1775 by Frederick County, Maryland, Committee of Safety

  • First Company Maryland Rifles
    • Commanded by Col. Michael Cresap
    • Organized 21 June 1775

Pennsylvania State Regiments & Battalions:

  • Thompson's Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Thompson
    • Authorized June 1775
    • Organized June-July 1775
  • 1st Pennsylvania Battalion
    • Commanded by Col. John Bull, later by Col. John Phillip DeHaas
    • Authorized Oct. 1775
    • Organized Oct.-Nov. 1775

New Jersey Battalions

New Jersey Congress authorizes raising of two battalions on October 9, 1775

  • 1st New Jersey Regiment (Also known as the Eastern Battalion)
    • Commanded by Col. Stirling
    • Authorized Oct. 1775
    • Organized Oct. - Dec. 1775
  • 2nd New Jersey Regiment (aka the Western Battalion)
    • Commanded by Col. William Maxwell
    • Authorized Oct. 1775
    • Organized Oct. - Dec. 1775

Virginia Regiments

Virginia Convention authorizes raising of two regiments on, July 17, 1775

  • 1st Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Patrick Henry
    • Authorized Aug 1775 in the Virginia State Troops
    • Organized Oct 1775
    • Adopted Nov 1775 into Continental Army (see also 1776)
  • 2nd Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. William Woodford
    • Authorized Aug 1775 in the Virginia State Troops
    • Organized Oct 1775
    • Adopted Nov 1775 into Continental Army (see also 1776)

North Carolina Regiments

North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes raising of two regiments on Sept 1, 1775

  • 1st North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Moore, later by Col. Francis Nash
    • Authorized Sept. 1775
    • Organized fall of 1775 (see also 1776)
  • 2nd North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Robert Howe, later by Col. Alex Martin
    • Authorized Sept. 1775
    • Organized fall of 1775 (see also 1776)

South Carolina Regiments

South Carolina authorizes raising of four regiments on 6 June 1775

  • 1st South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Gadsen
    • Authorized June 1775 in SC State Troops
    • Organized in summer 1775
    • Adopted Nov. 1775 into Continental Army
  • 2nd South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Moultrie
    • Authorized June 1775 in the South Carolina State Troops
    • Organized in summer 1775
    • Adopted Nov. 1775 into Continental Army
  • 3rd South Carolina Regiment (aka South Carolina Regiment of Horse Rangers)
    • Commanded by Col. Thompson
    • Authorized June 1775 in South Carolina State Troops as the South Carolina Regiment of Horse Rangers
    • Organized in summer 1775
    • Redesignated 12 November 1775
    • Adopted July 1776 into Continental Army
  • 4th South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Robert
    • Authorized Nov. 1775
    • Organized Nov-Dec 1775
    • Adopted June 1776 into Continental Army

Canadian Regiments

  • The Canadian Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized & Organized Nov. 1775 (see also 1776)
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