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The Continental Army of 1776

Connecticut Line

and other Connecticut Units

  • 10th Continental Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Samuel H. Parsons and John Tyler
    • ReOrganized and Redesignated Jan 1776 from the 6th Connecticut Regiment
    • Disbanded Dec 1776
  • 17th Continental Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Jedediah Huntington
    • ReOrganized and Redesignated Jan 1776 from the 8th Connecticut Regiment
    • Disbanded Dec 1776
  • 19th Continental Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Charles Webb
    • ReOrganized and Redesignated Jan 1776 from the 7th Connecticut Regiment
    • Disbanded Feb 1777
  • 20th Continental Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Benedict Arnold and John Durkee
    • ReOrganized and Redesignated Jan 1776 from the 3d Connecticut Regiment
    • Disbanded Feb 1777
  • 22nd Continental Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Samuel Wyllys
    • ReOrganized and Redesignated Jan 1776 from the 2d Connecticut Regiment
    • Disbanded Dec 1776
  • Burrall's Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Burrall
    • Authorized Jan. 1776
    • Organized Jan. 1776
    • Disbanded Jan. 1777
  • Elmore's Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Samuel Elmore
    • Authorized Jan. 1776
    • Organized April 1776
    • Disbanded May 1777
  • Ward's Connecticut Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Ward
    • Authorized May 1776
    • Organized summer 1776
    • Disbanded May 1777
  • Westmoreland Independent Companies
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Aug 1776
    • Organized Aug-Sept 1776

Pennsylvania Line Regiments

and other Pennsylvania Units

  • 1st Continental Regiment
  • 1st Pennsylvania Battalion
    • Commanded by Col.s John Bull, later by Col. John Phillip DeHaas; (see also 1775)
  • 2d Pennsylvania Battalion
    • Commanded by Col.s Arthur St.Clair and Joseph Wood
    • Authorized Dec. 1775
    • Organized Jan.-Feb. 1776
  • 3d Pennsylvania Battalion
    • Commanded by Col.s John Shee and Lambert Cadwallader
    • Authorized Dec. 1775
    • Organized Jan.-Mar. 1776
  • 4th Pennsylvania Battalion
    • Commanded by Col. Anthony Wayne
    • Authorized Dec. 1775
    • Organized Jan.-Feb. 1776
  • 5th (Magaw's ) Pennsylvania Battalion
    • Commanded by Col. Robert Magaw
    • Authorized Dec. 1775
    • Organized Jan.-Mar. 1776
  • 6th (Irvine's ) Pennsylvania Battalion
    • Commanded by Col. William Irvine
    • Authorized Jan. 1776
    • Organized Jan.-Mar. 1776
  • Mackay's Battalion
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized July 1776 as a frontier defense battalion
    • Redesignated July 1776
    • Organized July-Sep. 1776
  • Captain John Nelson's Independent Rifle Company
    • Commanded by Capt. John Nelson
    • Authorized Jan. 1776
    • Organized Feb.-Mar. 1776
  • Captain John Doyle's Independent Rifle Company
    • Commanded by Capt. John Doyle
    • Authorized July. 1776
    • Organized Sep. 1776
  • Northampton & Northumberland Defense Batalion
  • Pennsylvania State Rifle Regiment
    • Commanded by ?
    • Authorized Mar. 1776 in the Pennsylvania State Troops
    • Organized Mar.-May 1776
  • Pennsylvania State Musketry Battalion
    • Commanded by ?
    • Authorized Mar. 1776 in the Pennsylvania State Troops
    • Organized Mar.-May 1776

New Hampshire Line Regiments

  • 2nd Continental Regiment
  • 5th Continental Regiment
  • 8th Continental Regiment
  • Bedel's Regiment (aka Capt. Timothy Bedel's Company of Rangers)
    • Commanded by Col. Bedel; Authorized May 1775 as Capt. Timothy Bedel's Company of Rangers
    • Organized June 1775 as Maj. Timothy Bedel's Corps of Rangers
    • Expanded & reOrganized & Redesignated in the Continental Army Jan-March 1776 as Bedel's Regiment
    • Disbanded Jan 1777 (see also 1775)
  • Long's Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Long; Authorized May 1776; Organized Aug.- Sep. 1776

Massachusetts Line Regiments

New York Line Regiments

  • 1st New York Regiment
  • 2nd New York Regiment
  • 3rd New York Regiment
  • 4th New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s ?
    • Authorized Jan 1776
    • Organized Apr. 1776; Merged Jan 1777 with the 1st New York Regiment
  • Van Schaick's New York Regiment
  • Nicholson's New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Nicholson
    • Authorized Jan. 1776
    • Organized April 1776
    • Disbanded Dec. 1776
  • Dubois' New York Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Dubois
    • Authorized June 1776
    • Organized fall 1776 (see also 1777)

Rhode Island Line Regiments

and Other Rhode Island Regiments

  • 9th Continental Regiment
  • 11th Continental Regiment
  • Lippeitt's Regiment
    • Commaded br Col. ?
    • Authorized Jan 1776 as Babcock's Regiment
    • Organized Jan 1776
    • Redesignated May 1776 as Lippitt's Regiment
    • Disbanded Jan. 1777
  • Richmond's Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • ReOrganized Jan 1776
    • Disbanded Nov 1776 (see 1775)

New Jersey Line Regiments

  • 1st New Jersey Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Alexander, William Winds, and Silas Newcomb
  • 2nd New Jersey Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Maxwell and Israel Shreve
  • 3rd New Jersey Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Elias Dayton
    • Authorized Jan. 1776
    • Organized Feb. - May. 1776
  • 4th New Jersey Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Ephraim Martin and David Brearley
    • Authorized Sept. 1776
    • Organized Nov. 1776 - Feb. 1777

Delaware Line Regiments

  • 1st Delaware Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John Haslet

;Maryland Line Regiments

  • Smallwood's Maryland Battalion (aka 1st Maryland Battalion)
    • Commanded by Col.s William Smallwood and Francis Ware
    • Authorized Jan. 1776 in Maryland State Troops
    • Organized in spring 1776
    • Adopted Aug 1776 into Continental Army (see also 1777)
  • Maryland Independent Companies
    • Authorized Jan. 1776 in Maryland State Troops as 7 Independent Companies
    • Organized in Mar 1776
    • Adopted Aug 1776 into Continental Army (see also 1777)

Virginia Line Regiments

  • 1st Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Col. James Reed
    • ReOrganized Jan 1776 (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 2d Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Col. William Woodford
    • ReOrganized Jan 1776 (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 3d Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Hugh Mercer and George Weedon
  • 4th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Adam Stephen and Thomas Elliott
  • 5th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Peachy and Charles Scott
  • 6th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Mordecai Buckner
  • 7th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Dangerfield and William Crawford
  • 8th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Col. Peter Muhlenberg
  • 9th Virginia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Charles Fleming and Isaac Reed

North Carolina Line Regiments

  • 1st North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s James Moore and Francis Nash
    • ReOrganized Jan. 1776 (see also 1775)
  • 2d North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Robert Howe and Alexander Martin
    • ReOrganized Jan. 1776 (see also 1775)
  • 3d North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Jethro Sumner
    • Authorized Jan. 1776
    • Organized spring 1776
  • 4th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Thomas Polk
    • Authorized March 1776
    • Organized spring 1776
  • 5th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. John A. Lillington
    • Authorized March 1776
    • Organized spring 1776
  • 6th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Edward Buncombe
    • Authorized April 1776
    • Organized summer 1776
  • 7th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Hogan
    • Authorized Sept. 1776
    • Organized spring 1777
  • 8th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. James Armstrong
    • Authorized Sept. 1776
    • Organized spring 1777
  • 9th North Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Abraham Shephard
    • Authorized Sept. 1776
    • Organized spring 1777

South Carolina Line Regiments

  • 1st South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Christopher Gadsden and Charles C. Pinckney (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 2d South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s William Moultrie and Isaac Motte (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 3d South Carolina Regiment (aka South Carolina Ranger Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. William Thompson (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 4th South Carolina Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Added Beaufort and Georgetown Independent Companies of Artillery in Oct 1776; (see also 1775 & 1777)
  • 5th South Carolina Regiment (aka 1st South Carolina Rifle Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. Isaac Huger
    • Authorized Feb. 1776
    • Organized spring 1776
    • Adopted Mar. 1776 into Continental Army (see also 1777)
  • 6th South Carolina Regiment (aka 2d South Carolina Rifle Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Feb. 1776
    • Organized spring 1776
    • Adopted Mar. 1776 into Continental Army (see also 1777)
  • Beaufort Independent Company of Artillery
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Feb. 1776
    • Organized spring 1776
    • Redesignated Oct. 1776 4th Company, 4th South Carolina Regiment
  • Georgetown Independent Company of Artillery
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Feb. 1776
    • Organized spring 1776
    • Redesignated Oct. 1776 5th Company, 4th South Carolina Regiment

Georgia Line Regiments

  • 1st Georgia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Lachlan McIntosh
    • Authorized Nov 1775 as "The Georgia Regiment"
    • Organized Jan-Apr 1776
    • Redesignated as the 1st Georgia Regiment on July 1776; (see also 1777)
  • 2d Georgia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Joseph Habersham
    • Authorized July 1776
    • Organized in fall & winter 1776 (see also 1777)
  • 3d Georgia Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. Screven
    • Authorized July 1776
    • Organized in fall & winter 1776 (see also 1777)
  • Georgia Regiment of Horse Rangers

Additional Continental Regiments

  • 1st Canadian Regiment
  • 2d Canadian Regiment (aka Congress' Own)
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Jan 1776
    • Organized Feb 1776 (see also 1777)
  • German Battalion (aka 8th Maryland Regiment)
    • Commanded by Col. Nicholas Hussecker; Half was from pennsylvania

Artillery Units

  • Virginia Artillery
    • Commanded by Col. Charles Harrison
  • Gridley's /Knox's Continental Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col.s Richard Gridley and Henry Knox's ,
    • Renamed in autum of 1775 from Regiment of the Train of Artillery,
    • Expanded with the addition of Steven's Rhode Island Train of Artillery Jan. 1776,
    • Disbanded Jan. 1777
  • Pennsylvania State Artillery Regiment
    • Commanded by Col. ?
  • Independent Battalion of Continental Artillery
    • Commanded by Col. Steven
  • Georgia Continental Artillery Companies
    • Commanded by Col. ?
  • South Carolina Artillery Regiment (aka 4th South Carolina Regiment)

Mounted Units Regiments

  • 1st Continental Light Dragoon Regiment (aka unofficially as Bland's Horse)
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized June 1776 in Virginia State Troops as Troops of Light Horse
    • Organized June-Sep 1776
    • Redesignated June 1776 as Virginia Light Horse
    • Adopted Nov 1776 into the Continental Army (see also 1777)
  • 2d Continental Light Dragoon Regiment (aka unofficially as Sheldon's Horse)
    • Commanded by Col. Elisha Sheldon
    • Authorized Dec 1776
    • Organized Dec 1776-June 1777 (see also 1777)
  • Corps of North Carolina Light Dragoons
    • Commanded by Col. ?
    • Authorized Apr 1776 in the North Carolina State Troops
    • Organized in spring and summer 1776
    • Adopted July 1776 (see also 1777)
  • Major Nicholas Dietrich, Baron de Ottendorf's , Corp
    • Commanded by Major De Ottendorf
    • Authorized Dec 1776 Major Nicholas Dietrich, Baron de Ottendorf's, Corp
    • Organized Dec 1776 -June 1777 (see also 1777)
  • Georgia Regiment of Horse Rangers
    • Commanded by Col ?
    • Authorized in Jan 1776 as 1st & 2d Troop of Georgia Horse
    • Organized in spring 1776
    • Adopted July 1776 in Continental Army, concurrently Redesignated (see also 1777)
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