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The Battle of Lindley's Mill/Cane Creek

September 12, 1781 at Hillsboro, North Carolina
(aka Hillsboro Raid)

Commanded by: Brig. Gen John Butler
Strength: 400
Casualties: 25 Killed, 90 Wounded & 10 Missing / Captured
Commanded by: Col. David Fanning
Strength: 950
Casualties: 27 Killed, 90 Wounded
Conclusion: British Victory

On September 6, Tory Col. David Fanning made a call for volunteers. Within a short time, he had collected 950 men under his command. He decided on a plan to capture Gov. ?? Burke. Fanning organized his men and started his march. After marching all day and night, they would reach Hillsboro the next day.

On September 12, in the morning, Fanning attacked Hillsboro and took possession of the place after a small skirmish. Of the American prisoners was his prize, Burke himself. Along with Burke, Fanning also captured the council, several Continental officers and enlisted troops. Fanning was also able to liberate a number of Loyalist and British soldiers that had been held prisoner.

At noon, Fanning and his troops left Hillsboro. They had traveled 18 miles when they were attacked by an American force at Cane Creek. The American force comprised of 400 Continentals, commanded by Col. ?? Maybin and Brig. Gen. John Butler. There was soon a fight that would last for 4 hours. Fanning saved his expedition by his skillfull handling of the situation and eventually routed the American force. In the end, Fanning was still in possession of his prisoners but was also seriosly wounded.

While Fanning and 60 of his Tories had to be left behind, Lt. Col. Archibald McDugald, Lt. Col. Archibald McKay, and Maj. John Ranes took over command of the Tory force and succeeded in eluding the American pursuit with the rest of the expedition. Four days later, the Tories linked up with the relief column from Wilmington, commanded by Col. J.H. Craig.

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